There are three types of logistics:
The process of moving raw materials or components from suppliers to manufacturers is called inbound logistics. Often, inbound logistics management will involve automated ordering and fulfillment so that manufacturers always have the materials required to produce new goods. The lists of raw materials and components are vast, but the purpose is the same: supply manufacturers, distributors and retailers with the goods they need to keep products moving through the supply chain to customers and end users.
Outbound logistics refers to the movement of completed or finished products and other goods to the next stage of the supply chain. This could mean moving products from manufacturers to warehouse facilities, fulfillment centers or distribution centers, as well as shipping them to customers, retailers or other final destinations. If an organization's inbound logistics management is inefficient it causes a chain reaction within their outbound logistics processes and eventually disrupts the entire supply chain.
Reverse logistics is the process of returning goods back through the supply chain from customers and end users back to fulfillment centers, distribution centers, retailers and manufacturers. This can occur when products are damaged or dysfunctional, require repairs or refurbishment or when they have reached the end of their useful service life and require special or specific disposal procedures. The process of reverse logistics begins at the point of sale and lasts until final disposal.